African Union

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Directed by Lauren Boyes

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Women, Gender, and Development

Goal: Delegates will be debating how best to integrate and support women so that development measures will be more effective on the African continent.

Subtopic - A: Women’s Health - There is an ever-growing consensus that women’s health care is a necessity for development. For women to be able to support their families and contribute to the greater society and economy, they must be healthy and have access to female-oriented health services. However, in many developing regions, this is far from reality.

Subtopic - B: Women and the Economy - Historically, many cultures have stigmatized women participating in the economy. As a continent abundant with economic hardships, it is essential that as many people as possible contribute to the economy and consequently expand economic growth.

Subtopic - C: Women and Girls’ Education - Currently, there are 31 million primary school-age girls who are out of school. Education has been proven to affect birth rates and health as well as a woman’s ability to find work, and yet the countries with the lowest percentages of girls in school come from the African continent.

This is a single delegation committee.

Alberto Fujimori Constitutional Convention

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Directed by Marc Dion

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CONSTITUTIONAL REFORM

Delegates will be tasked with rewriting the Peruvian constitution alongside the new President Alberto Fujimori, to address critical issues, such as:

Sub-topic A: Indigenous groups- the cabinet must address how to support and protect the rights of a wide array of indigenous peoples in Peru, and deal with the ethnic cleansing and perpetual violence against ethnic groups. Delegates will need to explore how to protect marginalized ethnic groups, as well as improve the living standards for many of them.

Sub-topic B: Shining Path Insurgents- With the political instability still wrecking the country, the cabinet must address how to deal with political insurgent groups. Most notably, the Shining Path guerrilla group, a left-wing communist group, has put significant pressure on the government to change the political system. Delegates will need to address how to incorporate their ideology, or face harsh criticism and potential terrorist attacks.

Sub-topic C: Economic Stability- Peru has experienced extremely high inflation in the previous years, and needs to work with the international community as well as local corporations to stabilize the currency. Delegates will also tackle the promotion of economic growth, and will have to create policy that supports the weak economy.

This is a single delegation committee.

Arctic Circle Committee on Crude Oil

ENVIRONMENTAL PRESERVATION IN THE ARCTIC

Goal:  Delegates will be deciding on how to best protect and use the environment and peoples of the Arctic circle. 

Sub-topic A:  Environmental Protection/Resource Extraction- Few places are changing more rapidly due to climate change and other forms of environmental degradation than the Arctic Circle.  Without a proper plan in place for sustainable development or environmental protection, countries will exploit the north too greedily and could destroy it before future generations can benefit from it.   

Sub-topic B:  Indigenous Peoples- The Arctic is inhabited by four million people, roughly 10 percent of whom identify as indigenous peoples, and its government is balanced among the eight countries with territory in the region—the United States, Canada, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Iceland, and Russia. Delegates should decide on how to best protect these indigenous peoples living across multiple borders.

Sub-topic C:  Arctic Circle Non-Aggression Treaty- Such an agreement can't be a mirror of the 1961 Antarctic Treaty, which set aside that entire continent as a research reserve. That one was easy because no country bordered Antarctica and no one lived there. The Arctic is entirely different. Military confrontation could have far-reaching consequences and nations should decide on how neutral the Arctic should be.

This is a single delegation committee.

The Florentine Republic

THE LOMBARDY WARS AND POLITICAL CRISIS OF 1458

A republic more in name than fact, Florence was ruled by Cosimo d'Medici of the phenomenally wealthy Medici banker family. During most of his tenure he was occupied with the wars in Lombardy between Venice and Milan, the majority of the war burden fell on the Medici banks, leading to a period of coups and subterfuge within the republic as Cosimo's power weakened.

Sub-topic A: The Cult of Savonarola- Girolamo Savonarola led a fanatical counter-renaissance against Medici rule and all they represented. He assembled a powerful political faction that effectively controlled Florence, imposing restrictive moralistic laws that banned secular art, music, and immodest dress. His radicalism eventually led to his excommunication and execution, but the damage to Florence was done.

Sub-topic B: Vatican ambitions- Vatican policy towards the Florentine republic largely depended on whether the pope came from the Medici family. When the Medici, and by extension, Florence, lacked an ally in the Holy See, relations tended towards hostility.

Sub-topic C: Medici patronage of the arts- Both Cosimo and his successor Lorenzo Medici spent phenomenal amounts of money on the arts. Under their patronage, Florence became the heart of the artistic and cultural renaissance, at the cost of frequent insolvency.

This is a single delegation committee.

House of Burgesses

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Directed by Meredith Jackson

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THE ROLE OF VIRGINIA IN THE EARLY EVENTS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

Goal: Delegates will be working to decide if Virginia is ready for independence from the British Empire.

Subtopic A: On the Home Front- War affects all aspects of life, and the home front is no exception. The events such as the Intolerable Acts and the actions of the royal governor of Virginia, Lord Dunmore, had ripple effects throughout the large colony of Virginia. Delegates in the House of Burgesses will need to come up with solutions on how Virginia will handle the occurrences in the colony on the eve of the American Revolution.

Subtopic B: Independence- While major events of the American Revolution took place in Virginia, many other major events took place outside of it. These events include the Boston Massacre, the battles of Lexington and Concord, and the Olive Branch Petition, which all culminated into America eventually fighting for its independence. Delegates will have to find solutions on how to respond to these happenings that, even though have taken place outside of Virginia, have affected the original thirteen colonies as a whole; they must also answer the question if Virginia is ready to fight for its independence with the rest of the colonies.

This is a single delegation committee.

The United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO)

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Directed by Maxime Legros

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PROTECTION OF CIVILIAN AND HUMAN RIGHTS

Lasting peace in the Democratic Republic of the Congo requires that civilian and human rights are respected. The DRC faces human rights violations from peacekeeping forces, state security forces and armed groups, including arbitrary execution, degrading human treatment, and sexual violence. As women and children are the most affected by the conflict, MONUSCO will have to address how to increase the security and safety of the affected groups. Meeting many of these challenges in the DRC requires institutional reform and the strengthening of the rule of law.

Subtopic A: Human Rights Violations - Peacekeepers, state security forces, and armed groups often face allegations of human rights violations; MONUSCO should determine how to increase accountability, how to increase confidence in state institutions that enforce the law, and how to protect civilian populations from these continued abuses.

Subtopic B: Gender and Security Sector Reform - Institutions in the DRC need to provide an effective and responsible role to ensure the security of women, boys and girls.

Subtopic C: Rule of Law - As confidence in justice mechanisms and other state institutions dwindles, MONUSCO should seek to find solutions to restoring the rule of law, ending impunity, and protecting civilian and human rights.

This is a single delegation committee.

Sokovia Accords

 
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Directed by Daniel Sheaffer

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THE UNITED NATIONS ROLE IN DEALING WITH ENHANCED INDIVIDUALS

A recent Avengers mission in Sokovia has resulted in several civilian casualties, causing many to believe that enhanced individuals like the Avengers require greater regulation. Many government agencies are in support of a registry of enhanced individuals whose actions are monitored and controlled. Tony Stark and several other former Avengers are in support of such a registry, while Steve Rodgers and his followers have stated that they would not abide by these new rules.

Following several civilian casualties during the Avengers last mission, the Sokovia Accords were passed creating a registry of enhanced individuals and establishing means of monitoring and regulating their activities. Steve Rodgers and his various followers have gone rogue, refusing to abide by these new regulations.

Sub-topic A: The threat of Thanos- Thor has recently returned to Earth bearing a warning that Thanos is approaching and already holds multiple Infinity Stones in his gauntlet, sparking debate on whether to pardon Rodgers and his accomplices to help guarantee Earth's safety.

Subtopic B: Ultron’s technology- The artificial intelligence program used by Ultron survived his defeat and he has resurfaced alongside an army of robots. It is unclear if the fractured remaining Avengers can handle them on their own.

Sub-topic C: The pressing issue of Sinister 6- Notorious supervillain group the Sinister 6 is terrorizing New York City and have kidnapped several important officials. It is unclear if the fractured remaining Avengers can handle them on their own.

Sub-topic D: Apprehending disobedient Avengers- Arrest warrants have been issued for the former Avengers who refused to sign the Accords, and a great deal of debate has been sparked on how to best apprehend them.

This is a double delegation committee.

The Suffragettes

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Directed by Meredith Radel

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WOMEN’S SOCIAL AND POLITICAL UNION CAMPAIGN

Goal: Delegates will be working to campaign for women’s suffrage and expand sexual rights in Great Britain.

Sub-Topic A: Women’s Suffrage- Like many industrial states, women in Great Britain were banned from voting, which led to the formation of various suffrage movements.  The WSPU must campaign to expand the enfranchisement of women by influencing legislation in Parliament. Delegates will need to devise unusual and unorthodox campaigning methods to implement actual change in politics.

Sub-Topic B: Sexual Rights- While the expansion of reproductive rights was not a cause championed by the WSPU or many other popular groups in the 20th century, delegates will also campaign for equitable sexual rights.  Given the time period the movement exists in and conservative values held by those in leadership positions, the WSPU must tackle the restrictions placed on a woman’s body in an environment that does not want to hear such progressive, sexual rhetoric.  The restraints of the 20th century and its values and norms will prove to be the largest hindrances to feminist progress that the WSPU must overcome.

Sub-Topic C: Nationalism- The WSPU must decide how to move forward with the outbreak of World War I.  While women still do not have the right to vote in 1914, the push for nations to hold a strong nationalistic front is rising across Europe.  Delegates must explore how to continue to fight for the expansion of the right to vote while managing external pressures in a changing world.

This is a single delegation committee.