Disarmament and International Security Committee

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Directed by Brianna Soccio

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ILLEGAL ARMS TRAFFICKING

The illegal trade and trafficking of weapons is a serious problem affecting the developing world. Small arms and light weapons in particular are easy to trade and easy to use, making them the primary weapons used in civil wars and insurgencies. They incite conflict and hinder development. Illegal arms trafficking is responsible for thousands of deaths every year, and addressing the regulations surrounding this issue is a critical step.

CYBERWARFARE

In recent decades, a new security threat has emerged in the form of cyber warfare, terrorism, and espionage. Both non-state actors and state actors rely on cyber technologies to attack, sabotage, and steal information. The nature of this threat makes it difficult to attribute, and the rules on cyber warfare are not clearly defined or widely accepted. It is crucial that DISEC endeavors to define and prevent cyber warfare.

This is a double delegation committee.

International Court of Justice

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Directed by Rory Oates

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Topic 1: Bolivia v. Chile

Obligation to Negotiate Access to the Pacific Ocean: Bolivia disputed Chile's long-time domination of their shared coastline.  Bolivia argued that Chile has the obligation to negotiate with Bolivia, that Chile violated its responsibility to do so, and that Bolivia deserves sovereign access to the Pacific Ocean.

Topic 2: Islamic Republic of Iran v. United States of America

Certain Iranian Assets: Iran filed a complaint in the ICJ claiming that the United States violated its 1955 Treaty of Amity, Economic Relations, and Consular Relations with Iran.  American citizens are suing Iranian companies, which they accuse of association with terrorist organizations. This topic addresses problems of sovereignty, economics, and diplomacy in a world connected through conflict and business.

Topic 3: Ukraine v. Russian Federation

Application of the International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism and of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination: Ukraine asserted that Russia was complicit in the financing of terrorism.  Ukraine requested that Russia refrain from transporting troops, military equipment, and money into Ukraine's sovereign territory.

This is a single delegation committee.

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

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Directed by Kathryn Ziccarelli 

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Civil & Political Rights: Political Participation and Voting

Article 25 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights stipulates the right to vote and/or be elected in free and fair election cycles, with secret ballots and universal suffrage for the population.  Additionally, it is the right of all citizens to partake in political activities and civil society without discrimination, as well as having equal access to public service. It is a priority of the OHCHR to establish strong political institutions, which are necessary to uphold these rights and remain absent in the developing world.

Children’s Rights: Child Soldiers

The Committee on the Rights of the Child cites a statute which proclaims the involvement of children in national and international armed conflict to be a war crime.  Child soldiers face life-threatening dangers and emotional turmoil, affecting their development and future adult lives. Countries or groups in situations of civil war or inter-ethnic conflict have employed the use of child soldiers in the past, often through forcible recruitment.  The OHCHR is committed to eradicating this violation of children’s rights so that children may live free and unfettered lives.

This is a double delegation committee.

Organisation of Islamic Cooperation

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Directed by Jane Geiger

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Terrorism and Minority Rights

The topic of Human Rights, specifically in regard to terrorism and minority rights, is significant in enabling the members of the OIC to promote, protect and preserve the interests of the Muslim world as a whole. Both terrorism and minority treatment deserve a reconsidering, especially in light of the influence of Sharia Law and based on recent backlash the OIC has received from Human Rights Watch and other human rights-based organizations.  

Palestine

Based on the reactions to the May 2018 United States embassy opening in Jerusalem, the OIC needs to revisit the prevalence of the Israeli occupation of Palestinian territory. It is of vital importance to maintain international peace, as well as to uphold and revisit the Istanbul Declaration on “Freedom for Al Quds” and decide our reaction to the eminent conflict.

This is a double delegation committee.

Special Political and Decolonization Committee

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Directed by Tanvi Kohli

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Peacekeeping: Preventing Genocide in Syria

Since the outbreak of the Syrian war in 2011, upwards of 400,000 Syrians have been killed and more than 12 million have been displaced by the Syrian government. Hundreds of war crimes and crimes against humanity have been committed against Syrian civilians by the Assad regime. Many nations have called for a ceasefire within the country but war and death continue to rage through the country. What can SPECPOL do to help bring peace to the country?

The Kashmiri Conflict

In 1947, a territorial conflict erupted between India and Pakistan over the Jammu and Kashmir state. Currently, the state is "administered" by India, Pakistan, and China. The current conflict lies in the Kashmiri Valley where Indian and Pakistani forces have militarized the region, leading to further political uncertainty and mass conflict. Both countries claim the region and have nuclearized their forces. Many human rights violations have occurred in the area and in the inhabitants have begun to protest.

This is a double delegation committee.

Transparency International

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Directed by Suzie Bae

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THE CORRUPTION-POVERTY PARADOX IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

Within low-performing and poor countries, corruption has less of a negative connotation. The reason lies behind the fact that in these nations, corruption acts as a solution to problems like a lack of security or access to basic services. With the addition of wealthy countries' complicity and multinational companies' apathy, the poorest continue to lose. In committee, delegates will propose solutions that aim to reverse this paradox.

PROMOTING GOOD GOVERNANCE THROUGH ANTI-CORRUPTION INITIATIVES IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN

The annual publication of TI's global Corruption Perception Index rarely bodes well for Latin America and the Caribbean; all but six mainland Latin American countries have identified with the bottom half of the table this past year. A clear correlation lies between strong democratic governance and anti-corruption, a pattern worth examining in the region. This topic requires delegates to explore questions such as how existing anti-corruption initiatives can be improved by country leaders and what forms of impact heavy corruption has on the likelihood of a stable society, especially in relation to maintaining financial integrity and transparency.

This is a single delegation committee.

UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP)

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Directed by Liz Rosen

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Poverty Alleviation Via Rural Transportation

For the many people who live in rural, remote areas of Asia and the Pacific, transportation is a key concern that determines access to healthcare, education, and employment. The positive correlation between infrastructure access and poverty is well studied, but there are many barriers standing in the way of improved road networks. UNESCAP will have to incentivize long-term planning to improve rural transportation, rather than relying on short-term measures like the gravel roads that prevail throughout much of the developing world. Another issue is security challenges, such as the many unexploded ordinances that litter Southeast Asia. Lastly, the body will have to address the risks posed by increased traffic in previously undeveloped areas and the ensuing dangers to humans and the environment.

Urban Planning in the Age of the Megacity

According to the UN World Urbanization Prospects, in 2030 the world’s top six megacities will all be in Asia. Globalization has pushed ever greater numbers of people into cities at breakneck speed. As a result, infrastructure and governmental services often cannot keep up. Ensuing inequality deteriorates faith in governance, enables criminal and terrorist activities, and limits the ability of the government to provide services in the future. Organic and uncontrolled urbanization also creates vulnerabilities to natural disasters, which are common and intense in Asia. In order to create a foundation for development, policymakers must consider solutions to the rapid, ad hoc urbanization occurring throughout Asia and the Pacific.

This is a double delegation committee.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

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Directed by Juliana Mitchell

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Trafficking of drugs through the Internet

Drug trafficking has continued to grow despite attempts to stop it because of the use of technology. Websites such as Facebook make it easy for people/groups to connect with each other and move drugs across international borders. Countries also have different laws regulating the Internet making it difficult to have a cohesive way to catch criminals.

Criminal and Terrorism Funding

For years, drugs have been used to fund gang and terrorist activity. Their production of drugs have increased the availability exponentially.

This is a double delegation committee.

World Health Organization

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Biohacking

The technology for gene-editing is becoming more accessible outside of formal research labs. As a result, the possibility to develop bioweapons and experimental substances grows. Delegates should consider how the World Health Organization should balance the potential abuse and innovation that results from unregulated and often untrained biohackers.

Sexual and Reproductive Health and Education

 A lack of comprehensive reproductive health education is correlated to many problems such as increases in sexually transmitted infections (STIs), unintended pregnancy and violence related to sex and gender. Delegates should consider how countries structure sexual health programs while thinking about the roles that traditional cultural norms and socioeconomic inequality play in their communities.

This is a double delegation committee.

World Meteorological Organization 2030

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Director Andrew Luchs

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Coronal Mass Ejection

As our sun reaches its solar maximum, it has become more active and sent several strong Coronal Mass Ejections towards Earth. If they reach an unprepared Earth, the ensuing blackouts and loss of technology could spell disaster for the modern world. Delegates should consider how the World Meteorological Organization should protect the Earth and put safeguards in place to defend against another such occurrence.

Shutdown of Thermohaline Circulation

Climate change and other factors have led to the slowdown of thermohaline currents. Shutdown of the currents is now an urgent worry for the world as people consider the catastrophic effects of such an event, including super storms and extreme global climate change. Delegates should consider how the World Meteorological Organization can prevent the shutdown of thermohaline currents and try to reverse the effects of the currents slowing down.

This is a double delegation committee.